Auglaize County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,949. Its county seat is Wapakoneta.
The county is named for the Auglaize River. Some sources say it is a corruption of the French description of the clay (glaise) water (eau), whereas others say it comes from a Native American word meaning 'fallen timbers'. Another weak possibility according to Lakehistory.info is that it could have been the French term la glace, which means 'mirror', or 'ice'.
There is something to be said for the unattested eau glaise 'clay water' (as if 'dirty water'), like attested terre glaise 'clay soil', but both Ramsey and Stewart agree that Auglaize (and variants, implying "*aux glaises") is American French for 'at the lick(s)', literally 'at the clays', where wild beasts came to lick salt and minerals from the soil, and fulfilling the lacuna in standard French for a "salt lick." The spelling "glaize" is archaic (as in Cotgrave's French-English dictionary of 1611). In addition, in Arkansas there is a creek and mountain Glazypeau, from French glaise à Paul 'Paul's lick'. The assumed indigenous American (Algonquian) "'fallen timbers' or 'overgrown with brush'" has no support without any attested etymons supplied and would not match phonetically in the case of Shawnee.
Auglaize County comprises the Wapakoneta, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Lima-Van Wert-Celina, OH Combined Statistical Area.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 402 square miles (1,040 km²), of which 401 square miles (1,040 km²) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km²) (0.1%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Ohio by total area.
The county is crossed by the Auglaize River and the Miami and Erie Canal. The headwaters of the Saint Marys River, the Great Miami River and the Scioto River as well as portions of Grand Lake St. Marys and Lake Loramie are located within the county.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 45,949 people, 17,972 households, and 12,749 families residing in the county. The population density was 114.5 inhabitants per square mile (44.2/km²). There were 19,585 housing units at an average density of 48.8 per square mile (18.8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.8% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 53.0% were German, 12.6% were Irish, 8.9% were American, and 8.0% were English.
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